STRONG AFFECTIVE BONDS!

 

WHY HAVE SO MANY PEOPLE WORLDWIDE PRODUCED SO MANY FILMS AND DOCUMENTARIES ABOUT WOLVES?, WHY IS THERE A MONUMENT TO THE LAST JAPANESE GRAY WOLF, NARA PREFECTURE, IN JAPAN?, WHY DID GEORG EBERS WRITE OF THE GRAY WOLF “BEING AMONG THE SACRED ANIMALS OF EGYPT, AND NOTING HOW THE NAME LYKOPOLIS, THE ANCIENT EGYPTIAN CITY DEDICATED TO ANUBIS, MEANS “CITY OF THE WOLF”?(WIKIPEDIA, GRAY WOLF), WHY DID PETER PAUL RUBENS PAINT ROMULUS AND REMUS NURSED BY THE SHE-WOLF (C. 1616)?, ARE WE GOING TO BE SMARTER THAN OUR ANCESTORS BY IGNORING WHAT OUR WISE GENERATIONS BACK THEN DID AND FOUND OUT FOR US TO DEARLY KEEP? CERTAINLY NOT. THE FOLLOWING ARE SOME ANSWERS TO THOSE QUESTIONS, WHICH WILL HELP WOLVES REGAIN THE RESPECT THEY DESERVE AND THAT THEY ONCE HAD.

1.”IN NORSE AND JAPANESE MYTHOLOGY, WOLVES WERE PORTRAYED AS NEAR DEITIES: IN JAPAN GRAIN FARMERS WORSHIPED WOLVES AT SHRINES AND LEFT FOOD OFFERINGS NEAR THEIR DENSBESEECHING THEM TO PROTECT THEIR CROPS FROM WILD BOARS AND DEER. THE ANCIENT GREEKS AND ROMANS ASSOCIATED WOLVES WITH THE SUN GOD APOLLO. IN ROMAN MYTHOLOGY, THE CAPITOLINE WOLF NURSES ROMULUS AND REMUS, THE FUTURE FOUNDERS OF ROME” (WIKIPEDIA. WOLVES IN FOLKLORE, RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY).

2.“FARLEY MOWAT´S LARGELY FICTIONAL 1963 MEMOIR NEVER CRY WOLF WAS THE FIRST POSITIVE PORTRAYAL OF WOLVES IN POPULAR LITERATURE, AND IS LARGELY CONSIDERED TO BE THE MOST POPULAR BOOK ON WOLVES, HAVING BEEN ADAPTED INTO A HOLLYWOOD FILM AND TAUGHT IN SEVERAL SCHOOLS DECADES AFTER ITS PUBLICATION” (WIKIPEDIA. GRAY WOLF).

3.“THE WOLF IS A FREQUENT CHARGE IN ENGLISH ARMORY. IT IS ILLUSTRATED AS A SUPPORTER ON THE SHIELDS OF LORD WELBY, RENDEL AND VISCOUNT WOLSELEY, AND CAN BE FOUND ON THE COAST OF ARMS OF LOVETT AND THE VAST MAJORITY OF THE WILSONS AND LOWS. WOLF HEADS ARE COMMON IN SCOTTISH HERALDRY, PARTICULARLY IN THE COATS OF CLAN ROBERTSON AND SKENE. THE WOLF IS THE MOST COMMON ANIMAL IN SPANISH HERALDRY. THE WOLF IS FEATURED ON THE FLAGS OF THE CONFEDERATED TRIBES OF THE COLVILLE RESERVATION. IN MODERN TIMES, THE WOLF IS WIDELY USED AS AN EMBLEM FOR MILITARY AND PARAMILITARY GROUPS. IT IS THE UNOFFICIAL SYMBOL OF THE SPETSNAZ, AND SERVES AS THE LOGO OF THE TURKISH GREY WOLVES. DURING THE YUGOSLAV WARS, SEVERAL SERB PARAMILITARY UNITS ADOPTED THE WOLF AS THEIR SYMBOL, INCLUDING THE WHITE WOLVES AND THE WOLVES OF VUCJAK” (WIKIPEDIA. GRAY WOLF).

4.WOLVES ARE LOYAL AND NOBLE. “THE WOLF OF GUBBIO WAS A WOLF THAT, ACCORDING TO THE FIORETTI DI SAN FRANCESCO, TERRORIZED THE UMBRIAN CITY OF GUBBIO UNTIL IT WAS TAMED BY ST. FRANCIS OF ASSISI ACTING ON BEHALF OF GOD. WHEN GUBBIO WAS UNDER SIEGE FRANCIS ANNOUNCED HE WAS GOING TO TAKE LEAVE AND MEET THE WOLF. WHEN FRANCIS NEARED THE LAIR OF THE WOLF, THE CROWD HELD BACK AT A SAFE DISTANCE. THE WOLF, HAVING SEEN THE GROUP APPROACH, RUSHED AT FRANCIS. AGAIN FRANCIS MADE THE SIGN OF THE CROSS AND COMMANDED THE WOLF TO CEASE ITS ATTACKS IN THE NAME OF GOD, AT WHICH POINT THE WOLF TROTTED UP TO HIM DOCILELY AND LAY AT HIS FEET, PUTTING ITS HEAD IN HIS HANDS. THE FIORETTI THEN DESCRIBES WORD-FOR-WORD HIS DEALINGS WITH THE WOLF: “BROTHER WOLF, THOU HAST DONE MUCH EVIL IN THIS LAND, DESTROYING AND KILLING THE CREATURES OF GOD WITHOUT HIS PERMISSION; YEA, NOT ANIMALS ONLY HAST THOU DESTROYED, BUT THOU HAST EVEN DARED TO DEVOUR MEN, MADE AFTER THE IMAGE OF GOD; FOR WHICH THING THOU ART WORTHY OF BEING HANGED LIKE A ROBBER AND A MURDERER. ALL MEN CRY OUT AGAINST THEE, THE DOGS PURSUE THEE, AND ALL THE INHABITANTS OF THIS CITY ARE THY ENEMIES; BUT I WILL MAKE PEACE BETWEEN THEM AND THEE, O BROTHER WOLF, IF SO BE THOU NO MORE OFFEND THEM, AND THEY SHALL FORGIVE THEE ALL THY PAST OFFENCES, AND NEITHER MEN NOR DOGS SHALL PURSUE THEE ANY MORE”. THE WOLF BOWED ITS HEAD AND SUBMITTED TO FRANCIS, COMPLETELY AT HIS MERCY. “AS THOU ART WILLING TO MAKE THIS PEACE, I PROMISE THEE THAT THOU SHALT BE FED EVERY DAY BY THE INHABITANTS OF THIS LAND SO LONG AS THOU SHALT LIVE AMONG THEM; THOU SHALT NO LONGER SUFFER HUNGER, AS IT IS HUNGER WHICH MADE THEE DO SO MUCH EVIL; BUT IF I OBTAIN ALL THIS FOR THEE, THOU MUST PROMISE, ON THY SIDE, NEVER AGAIN TO ATTACK ANY ANIMAL OR ANY HUMAN BEING, DOST THOU MAKE THIS PROMISE?” IN AGREEMENT, THE WOLF PLACED ONE OF ITS FOREPAWS IN FRANCIS´ OUTSTRETCHED HAND, AND THE OATH WAS MADE. FRANCIS THEN COMMANDED THE WOLF TO RETURN WITH HIM TO GUBBIO. AT THIS SIGHT, THE MEN WHO HAD FOLLOWED HIM THROUGH THE WALL WERE UTTERLY ASTONISHED AND THEY SPREAD THE NEWS; SOON THE WHOLE CITY KNEW OF THE MIRACLE. THE TOWNSFOLK GATHERED IN THE CITY MARKETPLACE TO AWAIT FRANCIS AND HIS COMPANION, AND WERE SHOCKED TO SEE THE FEROCIOUS WOLF BEHAVING AS THOUGH HIS PET. WHEN FRANCIS REACHED THE MARKETPLACE, HE OFFERED THE ASSEMBLED CROWD AN IMPROMPTU SERMON WITH THE TAME WOLF AT HIS FEET. HE IS QUOTED   AS SAYING: “HOW MUCH WE OUGHT TO DREAD THE JAWS OF HELL, IF THE JAWS OF SO SMALL AN ANIMAL AS A WOLF CAN MAKE A WHOLE CITY TREMBLE THROUGH FEAR?”. WITH THE SERMON ENDED, FRANCIS RENEWED HIS PACT WITH THE WOLF PUBLICLY, ASSURING IT THAT THE PEOPLE OF GUBBIO WOULD FEED IT FROM THEIR VERY DOORS IF IT CEASED ITS DEPREDATION. ONCE MORE THE WOLF PLACED ITS PAW IN FRANCIS´HAND. THEREFATER, GUBBIO VENERATED FRANCIS AND HE RECEIVED GREAT PRAISE FROM ITS CITIZENS. MANY OF THEM WERE CONVINCED BY THE MIRACLE AND OFFERED THEIR THANKS TO GOD, GOING ON TO BE CONVERTED. THIS EPISODE IN THE FIORETTI IS CONCLUDED WITH A NOTE THAT THE WOLF LIVED FOR A FURTHER TWO YEARS AT GUBBIO, GOING FROM HOME TO HOME FOR SUSTENANCE AND HONORING THE PROVISIONS OF ITS AGREEMENT WITH FRANCIS. AT ITS DEATH THE CITY WAS SADDENED, FOR EVEN THOUGH IT HAD SLAIN SO MANY IT WAS A SYMBOL OF THE SANCTITY OF FRANCIS AND THE POWER OF GOD. ACCORDING TO TRADITION, GUBBIO GAVE THE WOLF AN HONORABLE BURIAL AND LATER BUILT THE CHURCH OF ST. FRANCIS OF THE PEACE AT THE SITE. DURING RENOVATIONS IN 1872, THE SKELETON OF A LARGE WOLF, APPARENTLY SEVERAL CENTURIES OLD, WAS FOUND UNDER A SLAB NEAR THE CHURCH WALL AND THEN REBURIED INSIDE” (WIKIPEDIA. WOLF OF GUBBIO).

5.WOLVES ARE LOVING CREATURES. “ONE OF THE EARLIEST STORIES OUT THERE ABOUT WOLVES IS THE STORY OF A BOY THAT WAS RAISED BY A PACK OF THEM” (WOLVES IN CULTURE-WOLF FACTS AND INFORMATION). “DINA SANICHAR WAS REMOVED FROM A WOLVES´CAVE IN 1867 WHEN HE WAS ABOUT SIX YEARS OLD. DINA WAS DISCOVERED WHEN HUNTERS IN THE JUNGLES OF BULANDSHAHR WERE ASTONISHED TO SEE A BOY FOLLOW A WOLF INTO HER DEN, RUNNING ON ALL FOURS. THEY SMOKED OUT THE WOLF AND HER COMPANION AND SHOT THE WOLF” (10 FERAL HUMAN CHILDREN RAISED BY ANIMALS). THIS STORY IS THE EPITOME OF LACK OF AWARENESS. IN THIS CASE HUNTERS SHOWED COMPLETE LACK OF AWARENESS AS TO THE LOVING CREATURES WOLVES ARE . EVEN THOUGH THEY SAW THE WHOLE PICTURE THEY DID NOT HAVE THE ABILITY TO UNDERSTAND WHAT THEY OBSERVED AND THEY MISUNDERSTOOD THE WHOLE SCENE. “MARCOS RODRÍGUEZ PANTOJA (BORN IN AÑORA ON 7 JUNE 1946) IS A NOTED FERAL CHILD. HE WAS REPORTEDLY SOLD TO A HERMITIC GOATHERDER AT SEVEN AND AFTER THE GOATHERDER´S DEATH HE LIVED ALONE WITH THE WOLVES IN THE SIERRA MORENA. AT 19, HE WAS RETURNED TO CIVILIZATION, BUT HAD DIFFICULTY ADJUSTING. GABRIEL JANER MANILA WENT ON TO WRITE A PHD THESIS CONCERNING HIM, WHICH WAS TITLED HE JUGADO CON LOBOS. HE LATER BECAME THE SUBJECT OF THE FILM ENTRE LOBOS (AMONG WOLVES), IN WHICH HE APPEARS BRIEFLY” (MARCOS RODRÍGUEZ PANTOJA. WIKIPEDIA, THE FREE ENCYCLOPEDIA).ONE OF THE MOST WELL-DOCUMENTED CASES OF CHILDREN RAISED BY WILD ANIMALS IS THAT OF KAMALA AND AMALA, BETTER KNOWN AS THE “WOLF CHILDREN”. DISCOVERED IN 1920 IN THE JUNGLE OF GODAMURI, INDIA, THE GIRLS, AGED 3 AND ABOUT 8, HAD BEEN LIVING WITH A SHE-WOLF AND HER PACK. IT´S NOT KNOWN IF THE GIRLS WERE FROM THE SAME FAMILY, BUT THE MAN WHO FOUND THE GIRLS, REVEREND J.A.L. SINGH, TOOK THEM BACK TO HIS ORPHANAGE, WHERE HE TRIED TO GET THEM, ACCUSTOMED TO THEIR HUMAN SURROUNDINGS. WHILE THE GIRLS MADE SOME PROGRESS OVER THE YEARS, BOTH EVENTUALLY CAME DOWN WITH FATAL ILLNESSES, LEAVING THE REVEREND TO WONDER “IF THE RIGHT THING TO DO WOULD HAVE BEEN TO LEAVE THESE CHILDREN IN THE WILD WHERE I FOUND THEM” (6 CASES OF CHILDREN BEING RAISED BY ANIMALS. THE WEEK MAGAZINE ). FOR SURE THESE GIRLS MISSED THEIR WOLVES´LOVE AND THE LACK OF IT TRIGGERED THOSE FATAL ILLNESSES THEY BOTH SUFFERED. WHO ARE MORE HUMAN NOW, WOLVES OR HUMANS WHO SELL THEIR OWN CHILDREN, FOR EXAMPLE? “WOLVES DEVELOP CLOSE RELATIONSHIPS AND STRONG SOCIAL BONDS. THEY OFTEN DEMONSTRATE DEEP AFFECTION FOR THEIR FAMILY AND MAY EVEN SACRIFICE THEMSELVES TO PROTECT THE FAMILY UNIT” (AMAZING FACTS ABOUT GRAY WOLVES-ONEKIND). “THE CAPITOLINE WOLF IS A BRONZE SCULPTURE OF A SHE-WOLF SUCKLING TWO HUMAN INFANTS, INSPIRED BY THE LEGEND OF THE FOUNDING OF ROME. ACCORDING TO THE ROMAN TRADITION, WHEN NUMITOR, GRANDFATHER OF THE TWINS ROMULUS AND REMUS, WAS OVERTHROWN BY HIS BROTHER AMULIUS, THE USURPER ORDERED THE TWINS TO BE CAST INTO THE TIBER RIVER. THE SERVANT, HOWEVER, PLACED THE TWO ON THE BANKS OF THE TIBER RIVER. THE RIVER, WHICH WAS IN FLOOD, ROSE AND GENTLY CARRIED THE CRADLE AND THE TWINS DOWNSTREAM, WHERE UNDER THE PROTECTION OF THE RIVER DEITY LIBERINUS, THEY WOULD BE ADOPTED BY A SHE-WOLF KNOWN AS LUPA, (WIKIPEDIA. WOLVES IN FOLKLORE, RELIGION AND MYTHOLOGY) WHO CARED FOR THEM UNTIL A HERDSMAN, FAUSTULUS, FOUND AND RAISED THEM. THE CAPITOLINE WOLF HAS BEEN HOUSED SINCE 1471 IN THE PALAZZO DEI CONSERVATORI, ROME. PLINY THE ELDER AND CICERO MENTION IT AS A SACRED OBJECT” (WIKIPEDIA. THE CAPITOLINE WOLF).

6.WOLVES ARE COOPERATIVE. “IN EARLY TIMES WHEN THE INDIANS AND ANIMALS WERE ABLE TO LIVE IN HARMONY, THESE ANIMALS WERE REGARDED IN THE HIGHEST REGARD. THE INDIANS WERE IN AWE OF THEIR ABILITY TO WORK AS A TEAM WHEN IT CAME TO FINDING FOOD AND PROTECTING THEIR OWN. THEY ALSO FOUND THE SOCIAL HIERARCHY OF THEM TO BE INTERESTING” (WOLVES AND HUMANS-WOLF FACTS AND INFORMATION).

7.“AMERICAN BIOLOGIST, STANLEY P. YOUNG, DESCRIBED TAME WOLVES THIS WAY: “ TAME WOLVES ARE STRICTLY “ONE-MAN DOGS”. THEY MAY BE CONFIDING AND PLAYFUL WITH THE MAN WHO RAISED THEM, OR EVEN WITH HIS WHOLE FAMILY, IF FED AND CARED FOR BY THEM, BUT THEY ARE SUSPICIOUS AND TIMID IN THE PRESENCE OF STRANGERS” (WIKIPEDIA. GRAY WOLF).

8.WOLVES ARE ONE OF THE BRAVEST ANIMALS. “ THE INDIANS VIEW THE WOLF AS ONE THAT HAS BEEN SENT TO PROTECT THEM. THE POWER AND COURAGE OF THE WOLVES ARE TRAITS THAT THEY WANT TO HAVE IN THEIR INDIVIDUALS. THE COMMUNITY OF THE WOLFPACK IS SOMETHING THEY WANT TO BRING TO THEIR OWN TRIBE. THIS IS WHY YOU WILL FIND THAT INDIAN CEREMONIES OF EARLY DAYS OFTEN INCLUDE APPRECIATION TOWARDS THE WOLF. TODAY THE ESKIMOS OF ALASKA ARE VERY CARING AND CONSIDERATE TOWARDS THE WOLF. THEY ARE RESPECTFUL OF THEIR NOMADIC LIFE”. (WOLVES IN CULTURE-WOLF FACTS AND INFORMATION ).

9.AN OUSTANDING MASTERPIECE SUCH AS THE MOVIE THE LAST WOLF BY JEAN-JACQUES ANNAUD CAN ONLY BE MADE IF WE CONSIDER WOLVES MAGNIFICENT CREATURES AS THEY REALLY ARE. THERE IS NO WAY THAT SO MANY PROFESSIONALS CAN BE PUT TOGETHER UNLESS WE ARE DEALING WITH SPECIAL COMPANIONS. THE CHERRY ON TOP OF THIS MOVING, ENTERTAINING AND CULTURAL MOVIE IS THE LAST SCENE WHERE THE LAST TWO WOLVES CHOOSE TO DIE AS WARRIORS, DOING THE UNTHINKABLE INSTEAD OF GIVING UP ALLOWING HUMANS TO SHOOT THEM. THE LAST WOLF SHOULD BE SHOWN TO ALL PRIMARY, SECONDARY, UNIVERSITY STUDENTS AND ADULTS. EVERYONE IS IN NEED OF SUCH INSIDE INTO THE WOLF COMMUNITY. THIS MOVIE IS A PERFECT EXAMPLE OF WHAT A GOOD FILM SHOULD BE, AND SETS AN EXAMPLE OF WHAT EACH OF US SHOULD BE DOING DURING OUR LIFE HERE. THIS MOVIE PAYS TRIBUTE TO WOLVES, TO TRUTH, TO PATIENCE, TO CORRECTION, TO HUMBLENESS AND RESPECT. YES! THESE ARE LESSONS WE STILL HAVE TO LEARN. THE LAST WOLF JUMPING OUT INTO THE VOID TO AVOID BEING SHOT GOT ME REVERING WOLVES. JUST TELL ME WHERE CAN I BUY A TICKET TO GET TO SEE SUCH BRAVERY, AND LOYALTY AS THEIRS AND I WILL GO RIGHT AWAY!

WOLVES ARE MAMMALS JUST LIKE WE ARE BUT THEY ONLY LIVE UP TO SIX TO EIGHT YEARS IN THE WILD, INSTEAD OF TWENTY YEARS IF THEY WERE FED PROPERLY. THEY ARE AN ENDANGERED SPECIES BECAUSE WE, HUMANS, ARE THEIR GREATEST PREDATOR OUT HERE. “THE WOLF IS THOUGHT TO BE AN ICE AGE SURVIVOR, DATING WOLVES AROUND 300,OOO YEARS AGO. THE WOLF IS ACCEPTED TO BE THE ANCESTOR OF THE DOMESTIC DOG AS THE WOLF IS THOUGHT TO HAVE SELECTIVELY BRED IN ORDER TO BREED APPEALING TRAITS TYPICAL OF PUPPIES AND TO ELIMINATE THE NOT SO APPEALING TRAITS OF ADULT WOLVES. WOLVES ARE CONSIDERED TO BE AN ENDANGERED SPECIES TODAY AS THEY HAVE BEEN WIDELY EXTERMINATED FROM THEIR RANGES BY HUNTING, POISONING AND TRAPPING TO PROCURE THEIR FUR AND TO PROTECT LIVESTOCK. WOLVES HAVE ALSO BEEN SEVERELY AFFECTED BY HABITAT LOSS AND HAVE BEEN PUSHED INTO SMALLER AND SMALLER TERRITORES WHERE THE FOOD SOURCE MAY NOT BE PLENTIFUL ENOUGH TO SUSTAIN A HUNGRY WOLF PACK AND WHERE HEAVY BREEDING OCCURS” ( A-Z-ANIMALS.WOLF ). “THE GRAY WOLF IS CLOSELY RELATED ENOUGH TO SMALL CANIS SPECIES SUCH AS THE EASTERN WOLF, COYOTE AND GOLDEN JACKAL TO PRODUCE FERTILE HYBRIDS. IT IS A SOCIAL ANIMAL, TRAVELLING IN NUCLEAR FAMILIES CONSISTING OF A MATED PAIR, ACCOMPANIED BY THE PAIR´S ADULT OFFSPRING” ( WIKIPEDIA. GRAY WOLF ). “THE GRAY WOLF IS ONE OF THE WORLD´S BEST KNOWN AND WELL RESEARCHED ANIMALS, WITH PROBABLY MORE BOOKS WRITTEN ABOUT IT THAN ANY OTHER WILDLIFE SPECIES. IT HAS A LONG HISTORY OF ASSOCIATION WITH HUMANS, HAVING BEEN DESPISED AND HUNTED IN MOST PASTORAL COMMUNITIES DUE TO ITS ATTACKS ON LIVESTOCK, WHILE CONVERSELY BEING RESPECTED IN SOME AGRARIAN AND HUNTER-SOCIETIES. ALTHOUGH THE FEAR OF WOLVES IS PERVASIVE IN MANY HUMAN SOCIETIES, THE MAJORITY OF RECORDED ATTACKS ON PEOPLE HAVE BEEN ATTRIBUTED TO ANIMALS SUFFERING FROM RABIES. WOLF PACKS ARE TYPICALLY SETTLED, AND USUALLY ONLY LEAVE THEIR ACCUSTOMED RANGES DURING SEVERE FOOD SHORTAGES. THE GRAY WOLF IS GENERALLY MONOGAMOUS, WITH MATED PAIRS USUALLY REMAINING TOGETHER FOR LIFE, UNLESS ONE OF THE PAIR DIES. GRAY WOLVES ALSO PRACTICE ALL OF PARENTAL CARE, IN WHICH A WOLF PAIR MAY ADOPT THE PUP OR PUPS OF ANOTHER” ( WIKIPEDIA. GRAY WOLF ).

“THE GRAY WOLF HAS BEEN FULLY PROTECTED IN ITALY SINCE 1976, AND NOW HOLDS A POPULATION OF 450-500 ANIMALS, WHICH HAS AN ANNUAL INCREASE OF ABOUT 60%. ITALIAN WOLVES ENTERED FRANCE´S MERCANTOUR NATIONAL PARK IN 1993, AND AT LEAST FIFTY WOLVES WERE DISCOVERED IN THE WESTERN ALPS IN 2000” ( WIKIPEDIA. GRAY WOLF ). “WOLVES IN FINLAND ARE PROTECTED ONLY IN THE SOUTHERN THIRD OF THE COUNTRY, AND CAN BE HUNTED IN OTHER AREAS DURING SPECIFIC SEASONS, THOUGH POACHING REMAINS COMMON, WITH 90% OF YOUNG WOLF DEATHS BEING DUE TO HUMAN PREDATION, AND THE NUMBER OF WOLVES KILLED EXCEEDS THE NUMBER OF HUNTING LICENSES, IN SOME AREAS BY A FACTOR OF TWO. FURTHERMORE, THE DECLINE IN THE MOOSE POPULATIONS HAS REDUCED THE WOLF´S FOOD SUPPLY. SINCE 2001, NETHERLANDS, BELGIUM AND DENMARK HAVE ALSO REPORTED WOLF SIGHTINGS PRESUMABLY BY NATURAL MIGRATION FROM ADJACENT COUNTRIES. POLAND PLAYS A FUNDAMENTAL ROLE IN PROVIDING ROUTES OF EXPANSION INTO NEIGHBOURING CENTRAL EUROPEAN COUNTRIES. IN THE EAST, ITS RANGE OVERLAPS WITH POPULATIONS IN LITHUANIA, BELORUSSIA, UKRAINE AND SLOVAKIA. A POPULATION IN WESTERN POLAND EXPANDED INTO EASTERN GERMANY AND IN 2000 THE FIRST PUPS WERE BORN ON GERMAN TERRITORY. IN 2012, AN ESTIMATED 14 WOLF PACKS WERE LIVING IN GERMANY (MOSTLY IN THE EAST) AND A PACK WITH PUPS HAS BEEN SIGHTED WITHIN 15 MILES OF BERLIN. A FEW SLOVAKIAN WOLVES DISPERSE INTO THE CZECH REPUBLIC, WHERE THEY ARE AFFORDED FULL PROTECTION. THE SPECIES IS FULLY PROTECTED IN NEIGHBOURING CROATIA AND SLOVENIA” (WIKIPEDIA. GRAY WOLF).

PLEASE, HUNTING CLUBS, STOP PERCEIVING WOLVES AS COMPETITION WHEN HUNTING ELKS AND OTHERS. WILDLIFE DOES NOT BELONG TO ANY OF YOU, HUNTERS. IT DOES NOT MATTER WHETHER YOU ARE FILTHY RICH OR ROYAL. THE FACT THAT YOU, TYCOONS AND LOADED ONES, HAVE BEEN GRANTED A LICENSE DOES NOT MAKE HUNTING WOLVES FOR SPORT RIGHT. WHEREAS WHEN WOLVES DECIDE TO KILL IS MERELY FOR SUSTENANCE, AND THEY DO IT RIGHTFULLY SO. BUT YOU DO NOT! KILLING WOLVES, ELKS, DEERS, BEARS, ETC., AS A SPORT IS REALLY PATHETIC, AND ABERRANT! KILLING MAGNIFICENT CREATURES LIKE WOLVES WILL NOT HELP YOU LIVE A LIFE THAT YOU CAN REMEMBER. YOUR LIFE WILL BE FILLED WITH QUITE THE OPPOSITE. WE DO NOT WANT TO HEAR EXCUSES SUCH AS THAT YOUR TYCOON FRIENDS HUNT AND A LOT OF DEALS ARE MADE DURING THE HUNTING. WE ALL KNOW, AND YOU DO TOO, THAT ALL THAT IS IRRELEVANT. FORGET ABOUT MONEY AND POPULARITY, AND START BEING YOURSELF. GOD ONCE TOLD NOAH TO PRESERVE A PAIR OF ANIMALS OF EACH SPECIES MAKING IT CLEAR FOR US THAT THEY ARE SACRED AS WE ARE AS WELL, AND THAT THE CIRCLE OF LIFE MUST CONTINUE. THE LION KING BY ROGER ALLERS AND ROB MINKOFF WAS INFLUENCED BY THE BIBLICAL TALES OF JOSEPH AND MOSES, AND HERE WE SEE HOW MUFASA, KING OF LIONS, TELLS HIS SON, SIMBA, ABOUT THE CIRCLE OF LIFE AND THE RESPONSIBILITIES EACH OF US HAS TO PRESERVE. IN THIS CIRCLE OF LIFE WE ALL NEED EACH OTHER. THE MOMENT SOMEONE, A TOWN, A COUNTRY KILLS AN ANIMAL, SAY A WOLF, FOR SPORT, WHEN THIS ANIMAL HAS NOT EVEN ATTEMPTED TO DO ANY HARM WHATSOEVER TO ANYONE THAT IS WHEN THINGS IN GENERAL START GOING WRONG IN THAT PERSON´S LIFE, IN THE TOWN, OR IN THE COUNTRY ITSELF. EVERY LITTLE ACT WE DO IN THIS LIFE HAS REPERCUSSIONS IN OUR OWN LIFE AND IN THE WORLD ITSELF. THEREFORE, THE ONLY WISE THING TO DO HERE, THERE AND EVERYWHERE IS RESPECT EVERYONE, EVERY ANIMAL AND EVERYTHING ON EARTH, IF WE REALLY WANT LIFE TO BE RESPECTFUL WITH EACH OF US. RIGHT NOW WE CAN ALL SEE NATURE IS NOT HAPPY WITH THE GREED AND DISRESPECT WE HAVE ALL BEEN SHOWING FOR OUR NEIGHBOUR WOLF COMMUNITY AMONG MANY OTHERS. THE SAYING THAT EVERY TOWN HAS WHAT IT DESERVES CAN BE APPLIED TO EVERY CITY, COUNTRY AND OTHERS. EACH OF US IS A NANOPARTICLE COMPARED TO THE WHOLE UNIVERSE. OUR GALAXY, THE MILKY WAY IS JUST ONE AMONG THE THOUSAND MILLION EXISTING GALAXIES IN THE UNIVERSE. AS WE ALL KNOW THE MILKY WAY HAS THOUSANDS OF STARS AND OUR PLANET, THE EARTH, REVOLVES AROUND ONE OF THESE STARS, THE SUN. MISTAKENLY, MANY HUMAN BEINGS THINK THAT EACH ONE OF THEM IS SO POWERFUL AS THE SUN, HAVING EVERYONE REVOLVING AROUND THEM, THINKING THEY ARE ENTITLED TO DO OR UNDO WHATEVER THEY WANT ON THE EARTH AS IF EACH ONE OF THEM WERE THE OWNERS OF THIS PLANET. HOWEVER, NONE OF US OWN THE EARTH. THE EARTH IS OUR HOME. IT IS SUCH A PERFECT, SMART SHELTER FOR HUMAN BEINGS AND ANIMAL COMMUNITES THAT ONLY GOD CAN GET THE CREDIT FOR ITS CREATION. HUNTERS IGNORE THAT BAD PRACTICES LIKE KILLING INNOCENT WOLVES WILL BOUNCE BACK TO THEM SOONER THAN LATER. WHY? IT IS JUST THE WAY IT IS, AND IT MAKES COMPLETE SENSE. WE ALL GET WHAT WE GIVE. THE MORE WE RESEARCH ON LIFE, THAT IS , THE EARTH, THE HARVESTS AND THE ANIMAL AND HUMAN BEING COMMUNITIES THE MORE WE REALIZE EACH ONE OF US GETS WHAT EACH ONE OF US GIVES. SAY EACH ONE OF US WANTS TO START FROM SCRATCH, DESIRES TO STOP BAD PRACTICES AND FINALLY START GIVING, GIVING, GIVING AND GIVING IN ALL DIFFERENT FACETS OF OUR LIFE. SAY, FOR EXAMPLE MR. Q. IS A HUNTER AND HE IS NOT LEADING A HAPPY LIFE BECAUSE OF UNFORTUNATE, UNFORSEEN CIRCUMSTANCES LATELY. WELL, THE FIRST THING MR. Q. HAS TO DO IS TO PSYCHOANALYZE HIMSELF. HE HAS TO DO HIS JOB, BEING HONEST WITH HIMSELF, ADMITTING KILLING INNOCENT ANIMALS IS WRONG DESPITE THE FACT MANY OF HIS FRIENDS ARE HUNTERS. MR. Q. HAS TO ADMIT THAT KILLING AN ANIMAL WOULD ONLY BE JUSTIFIABLE IF HUMAN BEING COMMUNITIES WERE UNDER EXTENUATING HUNGER CIRCUMSTANCES. ONLY THEN IT WOULD BE EXCUSABLE. EXCUSES SUCH AS SAYING THAT HUNTING HAS BEEEN A COMMON PRACTICE FOR CENTURIES, OR THAT DOING SO YOU CAN SOCIALIZE, MAKE DEALS OR HANG AROUND, ARE SIMPLY WRONG. WOLVES FEEL PAIN AND ARE CONSCIOUS OF IT AS DOGS ARE TOO. RICH ONES, ROYAL ONES, WOULD YOU PLEASE STOP SLAUGHTERING THESE CARING, SOCIAL NEIHGBOURS OF US?, WOULD YOU PLEASE STOP KILLING MOOSE, BEARS, AND OTHER LARGE ANIMALS? WHEN YOU, HUNTERS, KILL ELKS OR LARGE ANIMALS YOU ARE FORCING OUR LOVING NEIGHBOURS, WOLVES, TO KILL LIVESTOCK TO SURVIVE, THOUGH WOLVES DO NOT WANT TO DO SUCH A THING. OVER THE CENTURIES WOLVES HAVE ALWAYS FED ON ELKS, DEERS AND LARGE ANIMALS. ONLY WHEN HUNTERS STARTED KILLING WOLVES´ PREY WAS WHEN WOLVES DID NOT FIND ANY OTHER NOURISHMENT BUT KILLING SHEEP, AS THEIR ONLY FEED AVAILABLE. WOULD YOU PLEASE STOP BEING SELF-CENTERED?, WOULD YOU REALIZE NONE OF US OWN THE ECOSYSTEM?, WON´T YOU REALIZE WOLVES ARE WORTH THEIR WEIGHT IN GOLD WHEREAS YOUR HUNTING IS NOT?

MANY PEOPLE DO JUST WHAT THEIR FRIENDS DO, WITHOUT ANALYZING WHETHER THE PRACTICE THEY DO WITH THEIR FRIENDS, SAY HUNTING INNOCENT ANIMALS FOR SPORT, IS RIGHT OR WRONG. IF EACH ONE OF US IS BRAVE ENOUGH TO GET TO THIS POINT, THAT IS, TO ADMIT A TRADITIONAL PRACTICE TO SOCIALIZE, TO HAVE FUN, TO MAKE DEALS OR TO HANG AROUND, AMONG MANY OTHER REASONS, IS TOTALLY WRONG, THEN WE WILL BE ALL ON THE RIGHT TRACK. HUNTERS LIKE MR. Q. ARE OFF TRACK. THEY NEED TO PUT AN END TO THAT BAD PRACTICE, AND OTHERS, IF IT IS THE CASE. ONCE THEY START FROM SQUARE ONE, BEHAVING HUMBLY, LIKE THE NANOPARTICLE EACH ONE OF US IS COMPARED TO THE WHOLE UNIVERSE, THEN THEY WILL SEE, IF THEY ARE PATIENT, HOW THINGS SLOWLY START CHANGING AND WONDERFUL PEOPLE AND LOVE BOUNCE BACK INTO THEIR LIVES. EVERYONE MAKES MISTAKES BUT WHAT IS IMPORTANT IS TO REALIZE AND ERRADICATE THEM ONCE AND FOR ALL. WE WANT OUR LIVES TO BE BETTER AND OUR AFTERLIFE INCREDIBLY AWSOME. LET US DO EVERYTHING LOVINGLY, LET US BE PATIENT AND LET US NOT FORGET ROME WAS NOT BUILT IN A DAY, AND WE WILL SEE AMAZING THINGS IN OUR WAY.

“WOLVES REQUIRE LARGE AREAS OF CONTIGUOUS HABITAT THAT CAN INCLUDE FORESTS AND MOUNTAINS TERRAIN. SUITABLE HABITAT MUST HAVE SUFFICIENT ACCESS TO PREY PROTECTION FROM EXCESSIVE PERSECUTION, AND AREAS FOR DENNING AND TAKING SHELTER” ( GRAY WOLF-BASIC FACTS ABOUT GRAY WOLVES-DEFENDERS OF WILDLIFE ). “ONE OF THE REASONS THAT PEOPLE DON´T LIKE WOLVES IS THAT THEY ARE KNOWN TO KILL DOMESTIC ANIMALS. THE PROBLEM THOUGH ISN´T ONE THAT THE WOLVES SHOULD BE BLAMED FOR. INSTEAD, IT´S THE RESULT OF HUMANS CONTINUALLY MOVING IN ON THE LAND THAT USED TO BE THEIR NATURAL HABITAT TO ROAM. THEY ARE DOING WHAT THEY INSTINCTIVELY ARE PROGRAMMED TO ACCORDING TO THE LAWS OF NATURE” (WOLVES AND HUMANS-WOLF FACTS AND INFORMATION).

PLEASE, LIVESTOCK PRODUCERS STOP USING LETHAL METHODS AGAINST WOLVES BECAUSE THEY PLAY A RELEVANT ROLE IN THE WORLD ECOSYSTEM. “KILLING WOLVES BREAKS UP PACKS. SMALLER PACKS HAVE HARDER TIME SUCCESSFULLY BRINGING DOWN LARGE PREY (ELKS, COUGARS, DEERS, ETC.). THEREFORE, SMALLER PACKS ARE OFTEN FORCED TO FIND PREY THAT´S EASIER TO KILL, SUCH AS LIVESTOCK”, THAT IS, WOLVES ARE FORCED TO DO SOMETHING THEY DO NOT WANT TO, JUST BECAUSE THEY CANNOT FIND ANY OTHER SURVIVAL WAY OUT. “BESIDES THAT, WOLVES ARE ONLY RESPONSIBLE FOR LESS THAN 1% OF ALL LIVESTOCK DEATH. COEXISTENCE IS THE RIGHT RANCHING SOLUTION FOR ALL” ( QUICK FACTS-MYTHS BUSTED-LIVING WITH WOLVES ). FARMERS, WOULD YOU PLEASE STOP PERCEIVING WOLVES AS WHAT THEY ARE NOT?

RESEARCH ON YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK SHOWS THAT WOLVES ARE KEYSTONE SPECIES BECAUSE THEY HAVE BOOSTED ECOSYSTEMS SINCE 1995, THAT IS, WHEN WOLVES RETURNED. WOLVES ARE SUCH EXPERTS ON BALANCE THAT WOLVES ACHIEVE AN OPTIMUM EQUILIBRIUM AS TO PREYS (ELKS, COYOTES, JACKALS, DEERS, ETC.), LARGE PREDATORS, AND ALSO VEGETATION ALONG RIVERBANKS. WOLVES PRESENCE MAKE ELKS AND OTHERS MOVE AWAY FROM THESE RIVER BANKS AND SO PLANTS START GROWING THERE AGAIN, WHICH SHELTER SWANS, SONGBIRDS AND OTHERS. ALL THIS GREENERY COOLS THE WATER OF THE RIVER CREATING A BALANCED AQUATIC HABITAT AS WELL. “WOLF PREDATION ON SHEEP IS ONLY 1%, WHEREAS COYOTE PREDATION ON THEM IS 25.3%, WEATHER IS 22.6% , UNKNOWN REASONS IS 7.7%, DISEASE IS 11%, AND LAMBING COMPLICATIONS IS 9%, AMONG 12 PERCENTAGE CATEGORIES ON THE TOPIC”. HAVING MENTIONED THESE STATISTICS THE ONLY GOOD SOLUTION FOR EVERYONE INCLUDING WOLVES AND LIVESTOCK IS COEXISTENCE. “THE RESULT IS FEWER DEAD CATTLE AND SHEEP AND FEWER DEAD WOLVES”. HERE ARE THE STEPS TO BE TAKEN FOR SUCCESSFUL COEXISTENCE:

1.“THE USE OF GUARD DOGS AND NIGHT WATCHMEN PROVIDES ADDED PROTECTION FOR THE HERDS AND FLOCKS”.

2.ELECTRIFIED FENCING, OFFERING PROTECTION FOR NEWBORN ANIMALS, AND NURSING MOTHERS”.

3.“THE COLLARING OF WOLVES AND THE USE OF RADIO TELEMETRY TO KEEP LIVESTOCK AWAY FROM CONFLICT, TAKING INTO ACCOUNT WOLVES OFTEN USE THE SAME DEN EVERY SPRING” ( LIVING WITH WOLVES. RANCHING SOLUTIONS ).

4.THE REASON WHY WOLVES ENTERED AREAS WITH CATTLE IN THE PAST IS BECAUSE THE CARCASSES OF DEAD ANIMALS WERE LEFT ON RANGELAND. THEREFORE, THE SOLUTION IS REMOVING THE CARCASSES OF DEAD CATTLE, SO THAT WOLVES ARE NOT LURED INTO IT.

THE WORLD IS UPSIDEDOWN BECAUSE POLITICIANS ARE NEITHER TRUE NOR HUMBLE ENOUGH TO LEARN FROM THE PAST, NOT REPEATING THE SAME MISTAKES. “UNTIL RECENTLY THE RESTORATION OF THE GRAY WOLF TO A PORTION OF ITS NATURAL HABITAT IN THE LOWER 48 STATES WAS ONE OF THE SUCCESS STORIES OF THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT (ESA) OF 1973. HOWEVER, THE JOB IS FAR FROM COMPLETE AND NOW THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR WANTS TO ALLOW THE STATES TO RETURN TO MANY OF THE SAME METHODS OF THE 1800S AND EARLY 1900S THAT LED TO THE ERADICATION OF THE WOLF IN CALIFORNIA AND ELSEWHERE” ( WOLVES THREATENED: ENDING FEDERAL PROTECTION IS A MISTAKE. SAN JOSE MERCURY NEWS. JULY, 2, 2013 ). THIS IS REALLY SERIOUS AND WE SHOULD ALL BACK UP WOLVES FOR MANY REASONS. WOLVES´ MAIN THREAT IS HUNTING CLUBS. “ELK HUNTING GROUPS MISTAKENLY SEE THE WOLF AS COMPETITION FOR THEIR SPORT. THIS REPRESENTS A GRAVE MISUNDERSTANDING OF THE ECOLOGY OF PREDATOR-PREY RELATIONSHIPS. ANOTHER THREAT WOLVES FACE IS SHEEP AND CATTLE RANCHERS WANTING TO SEE THEM ERADICATED THOUGH “LIVESTOCK LOSSSES TO WOLVES ACCOUNT ONLY FOR LESS THAN 0.1 PERCENT OF THE TOTAL LIVESTOCK IN IDAHO, WYOMING, AND MONTANA IN 2012” THE GRAY WOLF BEING DELISTED IMPLIES “INDISCRIMINATE, AGGRESSIVE HUNTING, TRAPPING AND SNARING OF WOLVES. SINCE DELISTING IN IDAHO, NEARLY 700 WOLVES HAVE BEEN KILLED BY RECREATIONAL HUNTING. IN SOME AREAS OF IDAHO, WOLVES, INCLUDING LACTATING FEMALES AND PUPS, CAN BE KILLED AT ANY TIME. IN 83 PERCENT OF WYOMING, WOLVES CAN BE KILLED “YEAR ROUND, IN ANY NUMBER OF WAYS, WITHOUT A LICENSE. AND MONTANA´S PROPOSED MANAGEMENT PLAN WILL ALLOW UP TO FIVE WOLVES TO BE KILLED PER HUNTER/TRAPPER. THIS IS NOT SCIENTIFIC STEWARDSHIP. THE NOW FAMOUS LONE WOLF OR-7 TRAVELED FROM OREGON TO CALIFORNIA IN DECEMBER 2011 BUT WANDERED BACK IN OREGON IN MARCH OF THIS YEAR. IT DEFIES LOGIC TO DECLARE THE GRAY WOLF POPULATION RECOVERED IN CALIFORNIA. THE SAME IS TRUE IN OTHER STATES WITH EXCELLENT WOLF HABITAT AND ABUNDANT ELK AND DEER SUCH AS UTAH AND COLORADO. LIKE CALIFORNIA, THESE STATES HAVE NO ESTABLISHED WOLF POPULATIONS, YET THERE WOULD BE NO FEDERAL PROTECTION FOR A WOLF SHOULD IT WANDER IN. THIS ACTION WILL END RECOVERY IN THESE STATES BEFORE IT STARTS. WHY DELIST THE GRAY WOLF IN STATES WHERE IT DOES NOT YET EXIST, UNLESS THE GOAL IS TO KEEP THE POPULATION AT ZERO? THE GO-DAY PUBLIC COMMENT PERIOD FOR THE PROPOSED GRAY WOLF DELISTING ENDS SEPT. 11. NEWLY CONFIRMED SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR SALLY JEWELL NEEDS TO HEAR FROM THE PUBLIC THAT WOLF RECOVERY HAS NOT EVEN BEGUN IN CALIFORNIA AND OTHER STATES. WOLVES NEED OUR VOICES. PLEASE, HOWL YOUR SUPPORT FOR FEDERAL PROTECTION OF THE GRAY WOLF UNTIL RECOVERY IS COMPLETE, AND STOP THE WOLF HUNT” ( WOLVES THREATENED: ENDING FEDERAL PROTECTION IS A MISTAKE-SAN JOSE MERCURY NEWS. JULY, 2, 2013 ).

HERE ARE SOME MEASURES WE SHOULD ALL BE TAKING TO BE RESPECTFUL TOWARDS OUR NEIGHBOURING MAMMAL COMMUNITY, THE WOLF.

1.THE U.S. CONGRESS SHOULD “STOP UNDERMINING THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT (ESA). “THE STATED GOAL OF THE ESA IS TO SAVE SPECIES FROM EXTINCTION AND TO FULLY RECOVER THE SPECIES BY REMOVING THREATS TO ITS SURVIVAL” ( WOLVES THREATENED: ENDING FEDERAL PROTECTION IS A MISTAKE. SAN JOSE MERCURY NEWS. JULY, 2, 2013). THESE DELISTING BILLS ARE BEING DRIVEN BY A SMALL GROUP OF EXTREMISTS AND ANTI-GOVERNMENT IDEOLOGIES WHO ARE POURING MILLIONS OF DOLLARS INTO FAT CAT LOBBYISTS AND PRESSURE TACTICS. CONGRESS HAS NO BUSINESS DECIDING WHETHER WOLVES, OR ANY OTHER SPECIES, SHOULD BE LISTED. DELISTING AN ENDANGERED SPECIES THIS WAY SETS A TERRIBLE PRECEDENT AND LEAVES THE ESA VULNERABLE TO AN ENDLESS SUCCESSION OF CONGRESSIONAL DELISTING ATTACKS. MANY SPECIES RELY ON THE ESA FOR THEIR SURVIVAL. ALLOWING THE EROSION OF THIS BEDROCK OF ENVIRONMENTAL LAW WOULD BE CATASTROPHIC FOR OUR NATION. AS STEWARDS OF OUR NATURAL HERITAGE, IT IS IMPERATIVE THAT WE DEFEND THE LAWS THAT PROTECT OUR NATIVE WILDLIFE AND LANDS FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS. THE PATH TO EXTINCTION IS PAVED WITH ATTACKS LIKE THESE. THAT´S WHY I STRONGLY URGE YOU TO OPPOSE H.R. 884, H.R. 843 AND H.R. 1985 AS WELL AS ALL EFFORTS TO UNDERMINE THE ESA BY CONGRESSIONAL ACTION TO DELIST PROTECTED SPECIES” (TELL CONGRESS TO STOP UNDERMINING THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT- DEFENDERS OF WILDLIFE. EMERGENCY- HELP PROTECT WOLVES ).

2.RECREATIONAL HUNTING AND TRAPPING SEASONS ON WOLVES, ELKS AND BEARS SHOULD BE BANNED. A BILL SHOULD BE IMMEDIATELY APPROVED TO BAN HUNTING WOLVES, ELKS AND BEARS.

3.COUNTRIES LIKE CANADA, THE FORMER SOVIET UNION, MONGOLIA, CHINA, THE UNITED STATES (WISCONSIN, MINNESOTA, ETC.) AND GREAT BRITAIN SHOULD STOP KILLING WOLVES FOR THEIR FUR. A BILL BANNING THE WOLF HUNT SHOULD BE APPROVED RIGHT AWAY.

4.PEOPLE WORLDWIDE SHOULD STOP BUYING FUR CLOTHES.

5.WHOLESALES AND RETAILERS SHOULD REFUSE TO GET FUR CLOTHES AS MERCHANDISE FOR THEIR OWN SHOPS.

6.ALL WORLD FARMERS SHOULD RECEIVE GRANTS FROM THEIR GOVERNMENTS SO THAT FARMERS CAN FINANCE THE PROTECTION THEY NEED FOR THEIR CATTLE, AND COMPENSATIONS FOR THE LOSSES DUE TO WOLVES, WHICH ARE CERTAINLY A FEW, IF AND WHEN FARMERS COMPLY WITH THE HYGIENIC CONDITIONS AGREED UPON INSIDE FARMS AND OUTSIDE, REMOVING CARCASSES OF DEAD SHEEP, IN ORDER NOT TO TEMPT WOLVES INTO IT.

7.ALL WORLD GOVERNMENTS SHOULD SERIOUSLY MAKE SURE ALL THEIR RESPECTIVE PUBLIC HEALTH INSPECTORS DO THEIR JOB. THE FACT THAT MANY FARMS ALL OVER THE WORLD ARE IN UNHEALTHY CONDITIONS DUE TO THE VAST AMOUNT OF DOMESTIC ANIMAL WASTE SCATTERED ALL AROUND THE PLACES IS A REAL PROOF PUBLIC HEALTH INSPECTORS ARE NOT COMPLYING WITH WORLDWIDE GOVENMENTS´ ORDERS. ANOTHER PROOF THAT ADDS TO THIS BAD PRACTICE IS THE FACT THAT WOLF PUPS AND WOLVES, AMONG MANY OTHERS, GET INFECTED, SUFFER A GREAT DEAL, AND SOMETIMES EVEN ATTACK HUMANS BECAUSE OF THE INFECTION, WHICH AGITATES THEIR WHOLE BEING TRANSFORMING THEIR PEACEFUL NATURE INTO AN AGGRESSIVE ONE. WE MUST NOT LET THIS NEGLIGENCE OCCUR AGAIN, BECAUSE IT RESULTS IN TOO MUCH UNNECESSARY PAIN FOR WOLVES AND FOR MOST OF US WHO LOVE THEM. IF WORLDWIDE GOVERNMENTS ASKED THEIR PUBLIC HEALTH INSPECTORS TO MEET THE HEALTH REQUIREMENTS AT FARMS AND WE SEE THE INSPECTORS DO NOT OBEY WE CAN CONCLUDE THESE INSPECTORS WHO FELL TO COMPLY WITH THEIR JOB LET THEIR PALMS BE GREASED. HEALTH INSPECTORS ARE CONSIDERED REGULATORS. IF THEY FAIL TO COMPLY WITH THE GOVERNMENT´S ORDERS THEN WE ALL URGENTLY NEED SOME OBJECTIVE WORLD REGULATORS TO WATCH THESE INSPECTORS´ JOB, KEEPING AN EYE ON THE FARMS, MAINLY BECAUSE WE DO NOT WANT ANY MORE SPREADING OF DISEASES OR OTHER DISASTERS OF THIS KIND TO STRIKE AGAIN.

8.PRESERVATION OF WOLVES HABITAT. LET US PROTECT FORESTS GROWING FRUIT TREES AND OTHER PERENNIAL ONES SO THAT THEY FIND FEED THROUGH THE YEAR LONG. THIS WAY WHEN PREY DENSITY IS REDUCED WOLVES ARE NOT FORCED TO ATTACK LIVESTOCK SINCE WE, HUMANS, HAVE LIMITED THEIR HUNDREDS OF MILES TO REALLY SMALL AREAS.

9.EDUCATING KIDS FROM A VERY EARLY AGE ABOUT THE VALUE IN PROTECTING WOLVES. SCIENCE TEACHERS SHOULD INCORPORATE THIS HIGH-INTEREST TOPIC IN THEIR EVERY DAY TEACHING TO EDUCATE KIDS IN LOVE AND PRINCIPLES. CERTAINLY, WOLVES TEACH US A LOT, PROVIDING US WITH WISEDOM.

10.MORE MOVIES ABOUT WOLVES SHOULD BE MADE TO FINALLY MAKE PEOPLE AWARE OF THE BEAUTY AND VALUE OF WOLVES.

11.WE SHOULD KEEP WOLF PUPS AS PETS IF THEY ARE ORPHAN AND IF JUST AFTER THEIR EYES BEGIN OPENING. “SEVERAL HUNTERS OF THE USFWS KEPT WOLF PUPS AS PETS, WITH THE BEST RESULTS OCCURING WHEN THEY WERE CAUGHT JUST AFTER THEIR EYES BEGAN OPENING. IN CONTRAST, PUPS TAKEN AT 3-4 WEEKS OF AGE PROVED UNMANAGEABLE, WITH ONLY ONE IN 11 OF SUCH PUPS BECOMING TAME, DESPITE ONE MONTH OF EIGHT HOURS PER DAY OF SOCIALIZATION WITH PEOPLE. THOUGH WOLVES ARE TRAINABLE, THEY LACK THE SAME DEGREE OF TRACTABILITY SEEN IN DOGS. MOST ATTEMPTS TO TRAIN WOLVES AS WORKING DOGS HAVE MET WITH FAILURE” ( GRAY WOLF).

THE SAME LOVE AND RESPECT WE FEEL FOR OUR DOGS AND OUR CATS WE SHOULD FEEL FOR WOLVES. “WOLVES AND DOGS ARE PART OF THE SAME SPECIES AS TO THEIR DNA AND OTHER GENETIC STUDIES” ( WIKIPEDIA. GRAY WOLF ). IF SOMEONE SHOT OR SLAUGHTERED OUR DOG WE WOULD FEEL TERRIBLE, RIGHT? WELL, WE SHOULD BE UP IN ARMS AGAINST THE SLAUGHTERING OF WOLVES JUST THE SAME AS WE WOULD REACT WHEN IT COMES TO DOGS, SINCE THIS IS TAKING PLACE NOWADAYS. WE SHOULD ALL FLY IN A FIT OF RAGE WHEN WE HEAR “THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR APPEARS TO BE RESPONDING TO POLITICAL PRESSURE RATHER THAN PEER-REVIEWED SCIENCE TO REMOVE THE GRAY WOLF FROM THE FEDERAL LIST OF ENDANGERED WILDLIFE IN THE REMAINDER OF THE LOWER 48 STATES” (WOLVES THREATENED: ENDING FEDERAL PROTECTION IS A MISTAKE- SAN JOSE MERCURY NEWS. JULY, 2, 2013 ). “THE WOLF IS ACCEPTED TO BE THE ANCESTOR OF THE DOMESTIC DOG, AS THE WOLF IS THOUGHT TO HAVE SELECTIVELY BRED IN ORDER TO BREED APPEALING TRAITS TYPICAL OF PUPPIES AND TO ELIMINATE THE NOT SO APPEALING TRAITS OF ADULT WOLVES” (WOLF (CANIS RUFUS) – ANIMALS A-Z ANIMALS- ANIMAL FACTS ). WOLVES ARE NOT DANGEROUS. “OVER THE PAST 100 YEARS IN NORTH AMERICA, THERE HAVE BEEN ONLY 2 CASES IN WHICH WOLVES KILLED A HUMAN BEING, WHEREAS BEARS HAVE KILLED 40 SINCE 2000, AND SINCE 1990 COUGARS HAVE KILLED 9. IN THE U.S. DOMESTIC DOGS KILL ABOUT 30 PEOPLE EVERY YEAR” ( TACKLING THE MYTHS- LIVING WITH WOLVES ). WHO IS DANGEROUS NOW?

WOLVES NEED HUMAN BEINGS LIKE KEVIN COSTNER, JEAN-JACQUES ANNAUD, MARC BEKOFF, BROOKS FRAY, JAMIE RAPPAPORT AND DON BARRY.  WOLVES NEED EDUCATING ADS WHERE WE SEE FOR EXAMPLE THE SCENE WHERE KEVIN COSTNER AND HIS WOLF, TWO SOCKS, ARE PLAYING AND CHASING EACH OTHER. WOLVES NEED LECTURES AND ARTICLES DEFENDING THEIR RIGHT TO LIVE, JUST SO RIGHTFULLY SO AS OURS. WOLVES NEED EACH OF US HOWLING FOR THEIR PROTECTION. IF WE BACK WOLVES UP GOD WILL ALWAYS BACK US UP, THAT IS, WE WILL ALWAYS BE PROTECTED AGAINST ANYTHING, NO MATTER WHAT. WHEREAS, IF WE DO NOT DO AS FOR WOLVES WHAT GOD EXPECTS FROM US WE WILL BE UNPROTECTED OUT THERE, AND WE WILL BE LETTING EVIL IN OUR LIVES AND IN THE UNIVERSE AS WELL. ARE WE GOING TO BE SIMPLY DANCERS OR RATHER HUMANS DURING OUR STAY HERE? THE BAND THE KILLERS URGED US TO THINK OF THIS IN HIS FAMOUS SONG ARE WE DANCERS OR ARE WE HUMANS? CERTAINLY, WE WANT TO BE HUMANS, WE WANT TO TAKE THE PATH OF THE HUMAN BEING LIKE LIEUTENANT JOHN J. DUNBAR ( DANCES WITH WOLVES ) AND LIKE CHEN ZHEN (THE LAST WOLF), WHO BOTH BECOME FRIENDS WITH WOLVES AND CRY FOR THEM WHEN THEY REGRETFULLY DIE.

THE MORE WE KNOW ABOUT WOLVES THE MORE WE SEE THE VALUE IN PROTECTING THEM AND THEIR HABITAT. LET US MAKE EACH DAY OF THE 365 DAYS AN EARTH DAY SO THAT WE CAN ENJOY RESPECT FOR OUR HOME AND OUR NEIGHBOURS HOME. THE BEAUTY OF THE WILD IS THE QUINTESSENTIAL OF ALL BEAUTIES. THE MOST EXPENSIVE, FAMOUS SCULPTURE MEANS NOTHING COMPARED TO A CENTENARY TREE; A FUR JACKET MEANS NOTHING COMPARED TO A WOLF; A PRICEY, MODERN PAINTING MEANS NOTHING COMPARED TO THE BEAUTY OF AN INTELLIGENT, LOVING, NOBLE ANIMAL AS THE WOLF IS. ALL THE RAGE SKYSCRAPPERS RUN BY GREEDY HUMANS MEAN NOTHING COMPARED TO LOYALTY, BRAVERY AND LOVE. LET US PRESERVE THE HABITAT WOLVES NEED SO THAT WE ARE NOT A THREAT TO OUR WOLF NEIGHBORING COMMUNITIES. INANIMATE THINGS LIKE STATUES, CARS, WATCHES, CLOTHES, ETC., WILL NOT GIVE US THE BOOST WE NEED, AS NATURE ITSELF WILL DO FOR US IN THE SHORT AND LONG RUN. WE DEPEND ON NATURE AND ITS MAGNIFICENT WOLVES TO FEEL THEIR PASSION FOR LIFE, THEIR BRAVERY, LOYALTY AND THE LOVE FOR THEIR OWN ONES. THEY ARE OUR ROLE MODELS. HOWEVER, IF WE CONTINUE DESTROYING THEIR SPACE BECAUSE WE MISTAKENLY GO ON THINKING WE ARE GODS RUNNING THE SHOW HERE AND THERE WE WILL END UP DESTROYING WHAT SHOULD BE MOST DEAR TO US, OUR MOTHER NATURE, OUR OXYGEN BOOST, OUR TREASURE.

LET US NOT ALLOW POLITICIANS MEDDLE JEOPARDIZING PROTECTION OF ENDANGERED SPECIES LIKE WOLVES. EVERYONE OF US SHOULD TELL THE U.S. CONGRESS TO PROTECT WOLVES, RELISTING THEM IN THE ESA. LET US TAKE THIS SUBJECT SERIOUSLY AND LET US BE AWARE THAT THE GOVERNMENT IS GETTING MONEY THROUGH HUNTING TAXES AND FEES. OF COURSE, ALL THIS IS DIRTY MONEY AND ALL THESE HUNTING TAXES, FEES AND LICENSES SHOULD BE ERADICATED.

YES, NOW WE REALIZE WE HAVE BEEN RIPPED OFF, BELIEVING THINGS WE HAVE BEEN TOLD THAT WERE NOT TRUE ABOUT OUR LOVELY WOLVES. NEVERTHELESS, WE ALREADY KNOW ALL THE TRUTH ABOUT OUR SOCIAL NEIGHBOUR, THE WOLF. WE HAVE GOT TO LOVE WOLVES BECAUSE WE LOVE DOGS, AND RESEARCH HAS SHOWN DOGS DERIVE FROM WOLVES. WOLVES AND DOGS ARE SO VERY MUCH RELATED THAT THEY SHARE ALMOST IDENTICAL EMOTIONS, BEHAVIOURS AND GENES. WE, HUMANS, WILDLIFE AND LIVESTOCK HAVE TO COHABITATE, BE CARING AND CONSIDERATE WITH WOLVES LIKE ESKIMOS IN ALASKA ARE WITH THEM. ESKIMOS HAVE NEVER REPORTED ANY DEATH OF HUMANS BY WOLVES, AND WE ALL KNOW WHY AT THIS POINT. IF WE REALLY CARE FOR WOLVES AND RESPECT THEM IN EVERY WAY WE WILL COEXIST WITH THEM AND BE FRIENDS WITH THEM. THEY ARE SUCH AMAZING, GOOD NATURE CREATURES THAT CAN ONLY DO GOOD TO OURSELVES IF WE ARE IN THE PATH OF THE HUMAN BEING, RATHER THAN IN THE TRACK OF THE CREEPY PREDATOR THAT DESTROYS ONE OF THE TREASURES GOD BLESSED FOR US ALL. THEY ARE SO SMART THAT WE SHOULD NOT UNDERESTIMATE THEM BUT BE FRIENDS WITH THEM. PROTECTING AND FEEDING THEM DURING WINTER WILL SURELY HELP GAINING THEIR TRUST AGAIN, IF WE ARE PATIENT AND STOP OUR GREED FOR ONCE.

WE ALL NEED TO STOP FOR A MINUTE WHATEVER WE ARE UP TO AND THINK OF WHAT WE ARE DOING KILLING THOUSANDS OF BEAUTIFUL LIVES. YES, THESE ARE CRIMES. NO SKYSCRAPER WITH THE BEST OF VIEWS, NO SPACE TRIP, NO ROLLING OUT THE RED CARPET, NO OSCAR, NO GRAMMY, NO CAT WALK, NOT THE BEST OF CONNECTIONS, NOT ALL THE RAGE TECHNOLOGY, NOT THE MOST SOPHISTICATED PLACE IN THE WORLD, NOT THE MOST BEAUTIFUL BEACH OR CITY WORLDWIDE, NO NOTHING CAN COMPARE TO A WOLF´S LIFE. I WOULD SAY “NO” TO ALL OF THOSE JUST FOR ONE WOLF´S LIFE. I SWEAR! IT IS JUST NOT RIGHT TO SLAUGHTER THESE SACRED MAMMALS, AS DOGS AND WE, HUMANS, ARE SACRED ONES AS WELL. IF SOMEONE TOLD ME RIGHT NOW TO MAKE A WISH, I WOULD NOT SAY BECOMING RICH OR FAMOUS BUT RELISTING WOLVES AS AN ENDANGERED SPECIES, PROVIDING THEM THE PROTECTION, FOOD AND RESPECT THEY DESERVE.THEY HAVE BEEN MEN´S FRIENDS AS SO MANY MOVIES AND BOOKS PORTRAY THAT LOYAL RELATIONSHIP. I CANNOT HAVE ANY RESPECT FOR A STATE OR FOR ANYONE WHO SLAUGHTERS WOLVES. I WOULD NEVER PAY A VISIT TO A U.S. STATE WHOSE POPULATION HAS ALLOWED SUCH GENOCIDE. SUCH CRUEL PRACTICES AGAINST WOLVES, MAN´S FRIENDS, HAVE TO BE STOPPED RIGHT AWAY. WE DO NOT WANT ANY MORE SUFFERING, NO MORE UNNECESSARY PAIN. I CAN FEEL THEIR AGONY, FEAR AND HELPLESSNESS FROM WHERE THEY ARE, AND IT IS HEARTBREAKING. I LOVE WOLVES AS IF THEY WERE PART OF MY FAMILY. SOMETHING IN MY GENES MAKES ME SEE THEM AS FRIENDS WHO HELPED ME IN THE PAST. FOR SURE, I FEEL REALLY STRONG, AFFECTIVE BONDS WITH WOLVES.

GOD´S WORDS TO MOSES “I AM THE PATH, THE TRUTH AND THE LIFE” AIM TO WARN US OVER ALL THE LIES WE WILL BE HEARING ALONG THE WAY DOWN HERE. THROUGHOUT HISTORY “MOST ACCOUNTS OF SIOUX-PAWNEE RELATIONS SEE THE PAWNEES AS VICTIMS OF THE MORE POWERFUL SIOUX” (DANCES WITH WOLVES. WIKIPEDIA, THE FREE ENCYCLOPEDIA ). HOWEVER, KEVIN COSTNER IN DANCES WITH WOLVES UNLOCKS THE TRUTH BEHIND THE LIES PORTRAYING THE SIOUX AS WHAT THEY  WERE REALLY, THAT IS, AMAZING, LOVING, LOYAL HUMAN BEINGS, WHO LOVED TO LAUGH, AND SACRIFICED THEIR LIVES TO SAVE A FRIEND, WHEREAS THE PAWNEES ARE PORTRAYED AS WHAT THEY WERE, CRUEL AND INSENSITIVE ONES. DANCES WITH WOLVES WAS DIRECTED, PRODUCED BY AND STARRING KEVIN COSTNER. IT TOOK MR. COSTNER 5 YEARS TO MAKE THIS MASTERPIECE AND UNVEIL THE TRUE INNOCENT NATURE OF NATIVE AMERICANS CONFRONTED WITH THE VILLAIN NATURE OF WHITE PEOPLE IN GENERAL TERMS. THE KEY MESSAGE KEVIN COSTNER GETS US ACROSS IS THAT AMONG ALL THE WORLD PATHS THE BEST ONE IS THE PATH OF THE HUMAN BEING. WE HEAR IT WHEN CHIEF TEN BEARS TELLS LIEUTENANT JOHN J. DUNBAR THAT HE IS HAPPY JOHN DUNBAR HAS CHOSEN THE RIGHT TRACK OF THE HUMAN BEING. HOW MANY WESTERNS HAVE WE WATCHED THROUGHOUT OUR WHOLE LIFE WHERE NATIVE AMERICANS WERE PORTRAYED AS VICTIMS? JUST A FEW, RIGHT? ONCE AGAIN, HERE, IN DANCES WITH WOLVES KEVIN COSTNER SHOWS US WONDERFUL EXAMPLES OF HUMAN BEINGS, LIKE KICKING BIRD, WIND IN HIS HAIR ( WITH THE BEAUTIFUL, MEMORABLE LAST SCENE OF HIM TELLING JOHN DUNBAR REPEATEDLY: “YOU ARE MY FRIEND” ), STANDS WITH A FIST, BEAMING ( THE LITTLE BOY WHO IS SAVED BY JOHN DUNBAR), AND SO MANY MORE, THAT WE CANNOT HELP BUT LOVE ALL OF THEM, DREAM WITH THEM AND MISS THEM. NOWADAYS, IT IS HARD TO FIND INDIVIDUALS WHO REALLY CHOOSE THE PATH OF THE HUMAN BEING. THE ONES WHO CHOOSE IT ARE AN ENDANGERED SPECIES AS WOLVES ARE. SO PLEASE, IF YOU FIND ONE, PROTECT HIM, ADOPT HIM, LOVE HIM AS MUCH AS YOU WOULD LOVE YOURSELF. OUR WORLD NEEDS THIS ENDANGERED SPECIES FOR SURVIVAL REASONS. ONLY THE ONES CHOOSING THE PATH OF THE HUMAN BEING CAN PROVIDE OUR PLANET WITH THE HOLLISTIC BALANCE IT IS HUNGRY FOR.

Published by

Julia Martinez

Julia Martínez was born in The Basque Country, Spain in 1965. She went to Las Carmelitas School in Santurtzi, where she completed her elementary and secondary education, except her senior year. She decided to go to the United States as an exchange student for her senior year. She lived with an American family in California for that school year. After coming back from the US she started her undergraduate studies at Deusto University. By this time she had already lived in Santurtzi for seventeen years. It was 1983 when she and her family moved to Getxo. At Deusto University she studied English Linguistics for five years. She was twenty three years old when she got her undergraduate degree. She spent about three months during three different summers in England. During two of those summers she was an exchange student, and another summer she was working as an au pair, living with an English family. She also spent about two months during two different summers in Dublin. She was an exchange student living with an Irish family for a month, and another summer she was living in a student residence. In 1988 she was granted a scholarship to do her graduate studies at Indiana University, in the U.S..She completed a double master on English and Spanish Applied Linguistics in 1990. During that year and a half that she was studying over there she was also working as an Associate Professor giving Spanish classes at Indiana University. After working on the double master, She decided to go back to Spain and work as an English teacher at an English school in Galdakao for a year. At the same time that she was working, she was studying in order to sit a competitive exam. She went to Madrid to take it, and got the job she wanted. She became a civil servant, and she started working as an English teacher at a high school in 1991. By the year 2004 she had already been teaching for thirteen years in four different high schools, giving lessons to secondary students. In 2004 she decided to quit teaching and start painting as a self-made painter. She has got thirty six original oil paintings on canvas, and all of them share bright, lively, warm colors which invite you to smile and chill out. You see them all together and you see a real celebration of life, of what life should be, of happiness and love. Apart from painting, she is very keen on music and photography. About music, it must be said that she was very much into it during some years in the past, specially when she was taking Classical and electric guitar lessons and writing her own songs. She has got four demos with songs sung, both in English and Spanish. She performed as a singer in some places in the year 2000 after recording all her original songs. She is a hard-working person and a very good listener. She is one of those really positive people that finds solutions to almost anything you can think of. She enjoys creative work, either in painting, photography, dancing, singing, writing or cooking. She also enjoys herself with those little things in life like going out for a stroll in the country, listening to all kinds of music, good company, a good book, helping people in need, taking a nap, or just watching a funny movie. At present she is working as a freelance writer. Let us add that she is really interested in the protection of animals.

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